The Health Benefits Of Nettle (Urtica Dioica)

The Health Benefits Of Nettle (Urtica Dioica)

Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) is one of the most commonly used medicinal plants in the world due to its high nutritive content and health-enhancing qualities.

Nettle contains a wide range of bioactive compounds including vitamins, minerals, essential amino acids, sterols, chlorophyll, terpenoids, carotenoids and polyphenols.

Traditional herbalists often recommend nettle leaf for supporting the adrenal and thyroid glands, the liver, kidneys, connective tissue, for its diuretic, anti-inflammatory and anti-histamine properties, and ability to lower uric acid and treat gout.

Nettle can be consumed in many ways from a dried powder to being infused as a delicious herbal tea.

In this article we are going to explore some of the evidence-based health benefits of the herb nettle.

1. Nettle Root For Treating Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

The root of stinging nettle has a long traditional history of being recommended as a natural remedy for treating prostate disorders.

The most recognized health benefit of stinging nettles scientifically is also in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia, also known as an enlarged prostate.

A systematic review and meta-analysis was published in 2016 which evaluated the randomized double-blind, controlled trials of Urtica dioica for the treatment of BPH.

The systematic review and meta-analysis concluded:

This meta-analysis indicates that Urtica dioica to be an effective and safe treatment for LUTS associated with BPH. [2]

In addition, nettle root extract shows activity against prostate cancer cells. [1]

2. Nettle Significantly Reduces Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS)

Several randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) have investigated the effect of Nettle supplementation on various metabolic health markers in Type 2 Diabetes patients.

A systematic review and meta-analysis published in 2020 set out to identify RCTs investigating the effect of nettle supplementation on glycemic markers, including fasting blood sugar (FBS) concentrations, insulin levels, homeostasis model assessment-estimated insulin resistance index, and glycosylated hemoglobin percentage in adults with T2DM.

The results of the meta-analysis revealed a significant reduction in FBS concentrations (weighted mean difference [WMD]: -18.01 mg/dl, 95% confidence interval [CI]: -30.04 to -5.97, p < .001, I2 = 94.6%) following nettle supplementation.

A systematic review and meta-analysis concluded:

The findings of the present study suggest that nettle supplementation may be effective in controlling FBS for T2DM patients. [3]


[1] Urtica spp.: Ordinary Plants with Extraordinary Properties

[2] The efficacy and safety of Urtica dioica in treating benign prostatic hyperplasia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

[3] The Effect of Nettle (Urtica Dioica) Supplementation on the Glycemic Control of Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

The information in this article has not been evaluated by the FDA and should not be used to diagnose, cure or treat any disease, implied or otherwise.

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